– suitable for presentation on a big screen (6 Mb)
A Story about the Red Race Car in Broader Historical Context
- Make a chronology of all the scenes (graphic representation in time) in and enter the exact dates by scenes on the timeline. Conclude which events in Europe and Serbia had an important impact on the events in the story and the fate of the main characters. Put those events in your “Red Race Car timeline”. Present and explain why you think these historical events are important for the story about the Red Race Car.
Responsibility for the Crimes
- Investigate which German officers and commanders were arrested for crimes committed in Serbia and extradited to Yugoslavia to stand trial. Give some examples.
- Investigate which German officers and commanders were arrested for crimes committed in Serbia, but were tried elsewhere. Give some examples.
- Investigate which German officers and commanders who committed crimes in Serbia were released or never captured. Give some examples.
- Investigate which Serbian collaborators were arrested and tried for their participation in crimes committed in Serbia. Give some examples.
Resistance and Help
- Investigate how many Yugoslav Jews took part in the Partisan Resistance Movement the liberation of Yugoslavia? Find a few examples of famous (female and male) Jewish fighters. Choose one of them and prepare a presentation about her or his life and struggle.
- Find examples of people who risked their lives to help and save Jews in Serbia during the Holocaust -“Righteous Among the Nations”.
Choose one of the examples and prepare a presentation. Explain who helped, to whom, in what way, and what happened in the end, whether someone was successfully rescued and what happened to the rescued after the war. Also, investigate what punishments were threatened to those who helped Jews during the occupation.
Staro Sajmište after the War
- Investigate what happened at the site of the former Old Fairground and the former concentration camp in the post-war period. What was the space used for? What new buildings were built there?
Which famous Serbian artists used that space? Which famous theater play had its premiere there in 1953?
- Investigate what the facilities of “Staro Sajmište“ are used for today ( the old, original buildings from the time of the Fair and the camp, as well as new ones, built after the war until today). Make a map and mark old and new objects and their purpose.
- Make comparative maps of the facilities of the Belgrade Fair, the concetration camp, and today. Mark what the objects were called, that is, what they were used for, in the past and today.
Statements of German officers and soldiers about the executions of Jews in Serbia
(given at interrogations and trials after the war)
- Statement of a German lieutenant:
“When they (the civilians) were brought to the pit in which they will be thrown after the shooting, following the instructions I received, I told them that they had been sentenced to death by the orders of the Führer Adolf Hitler as a punishment for their participation in the Partisan Resistance Movement. On that occasion, I spoke German. Whether the prisoners understood that eludes my knowledge“
- Report of German Lieutenant Walter:
“The killing did not leave an impression on my soldiers at first. But on the second day, it could already be noticed that same did not have the nerve to perform shooting for a longer period. My personal impression is that there is no mental resistance during the shooting, but it happens later when a person thinks about it in peace at night.“
- Testimony of a German soldier from the unit that provided soldiers for the shooting of hostages:
On the question of, what he did when he saw that (among those who will be killed) there were many older civilians who, obviously, could not even take part in the fight against the German army, he answered, casually: ”I did not object to that, because here in Serbia it was safer than going to Russia, even at the cost of the suffering of innocent people, and for those who were not killed immediately during the shooting, in order not to suffer, a bullet in the head shortened the suffering”.
- Speaking in 1962 about the executions of Jews in Serbia, the German major said:
“I did not experience the execution of these orders as something inhuman or unjust. I was brought up to carry out orders, and according to the understanding at the time, I had no right to refuse orders.”
(Source: Teodor Kovač “Banat Germans and Jews”, Proceedings No. 9 of the Jewish Historical Museum in Belgrade in 2009)
Covering Up and Destroying Traces of Crime
Almost all Jews in Serbia were killed by the end of May 1942.
In November 1943, the “special command 1005” arrived in Belgrade with the main task of erasing the traces of mass murders. At the execution sites around Belgrade, Nis, Petrovgrad (today’s Zrenjanin) and other places, the excavation of corpses lasted for four months. from They made bonfires and burned corpses to make it ner impossible to identify, or determine the exact number of victims. This include the bodies of Jewish victims: those shot, and those who were suffocated in the gas vans.
Analyze the attitude of German soldiers and officers towards the victims. How do they justify murders? Do they feel guilty? Are they aware that they are committing a crime?