There were about 9,500,000 Jews living in Europe before the World War II. German Nazis and their collaborators premeditatedly and systematically destroyed about 6,000,000 of them.
Altogether there were 82,000 Jews living in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia before the World War II, out of which 34,777 were inhabited in Serbia. Jews represented a small community making about 0.6% of the total population of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. Out of 82,000 Yugoslav Jews, 67,000 or 81.7% of them lost their lives during the war. If a number of the 4,000 Jewish refugees is added to that figure, it can be concluded that out of 86,000 Jews who were present in Yugoslavia during the wartime, 71,000 or 82% of them lost their lives in the Holocaust.
Taking into consideration the whole territory of Serbia, including the territory under the German occupation and parts of Serbia annexed by Hungary, the Independent State of Croatia, Bulgaria and Italy, out of 34,777 Jews (including 1,200 Jewish refugees from the Central Europe), total of 28,224 or 81.16% of the Jewish population were killed during the war.
The territory under control of the German Military Administration
Altogether there were 16,600 Jews living in Serbia in the territory under control of the German Military Administration, including the Banat region governed by Volksdeutsche, as well as about 1,200 Jewish refugees from the Central Europe, mostly from Austria, Czechia and Poland, who happened to be in Yugoslavia when the war broke out. So out of 17,800 Jews who were present in Serbia under the German occupation about 14,800 or 83.1% of them lost their lives. And 6,320 of those Jews were killed in the Jewish Camp at Sajmište. Consequently, out of 6,400 Jews detained in the Jewish Camp at former fairgrounds, a total of 98.75% of them were killed.
Parts of Serbia Annexed by Hungary, Bulgaria, Italy and the Independent State of Croatia
Although other occupiers were also committing crimes against the Jews, looting their property and killing them, it was primarily the Germans who instigated, organized and committed the Holocaust in Serbia, including the territories under control of Hungary, Bulgaria and Italy.
- By the end of April 1944 the Hungarians arrested the Jews in the Bačka region and handed them over to the Germans who deported them to the death camp Auschwitz-Birkenau.
- In March 1943 the Bulgarians handed over the Jews from Macedonia and town of Pirot to the Germans who deported them to the death camp Treblinka.
- After capitulation of Italy the Germans deported the Jews from Kosovo and Metohija to the camp Bergen-Belsen.
- The only exception being the Independent State of Croatia: the Jews from the Srem region were killed in the concentration camp Jasenovac for the most part.